Urge incontinence refers to a condition which is experienced by patients as a sudden strong urge to urinate despite the fact that there is no apparent reason – often times this occurs on the way to the bathroom, while drinking a small amount of liquid or while listening to running water. In rare cases brain or spinal cord injury render the bladder “overactive”.
It is more common that the muscles around the bladder are simply overactive and certain stimuli result in involuntary voiding reactions before the bladder is full. The most common cause of urge incontinence is inappropriate or uncontrollable bladder contractions due to nervous’ system problems in and around the bladder - the preferred treatment options for urge incontinence are Kegel exercises and medication (Mold, 1996 and DelaFente and Stewart, 1995).